Design – stitches that create a pattern or monogram.
Digitize – computer-based method of converting artwork into a series of commands.
Disk Reader – a device that reads the digitized program that determines the embroidery machine movements.
Expanded Format – a design program that digitizes individual stitches for a specific size.
Fabric Grin Through – term that applies to fabric that is visible through the embroidery design. See also gapping.
Fill Stitches – one of the three most common stitches used in embroidery. (Run stitches and Satin stitches are the other two.) Generally used to cover large areas, fill stitches a flat look. Changing the angle, length and direction of the stitched pattern creates different fill patterns.
Finishing – processes that follow the completion of embroidery, including trimming loose threads, removing excess backing and topping, cleaning, pressing or steaming to remove wrinkles or hoop marks, and packing.
Flagging – motion of material during embroidery that is caused by improper hooping, improperly adjusted presser foot and/or improper fabric stabilization (wrong backing). Generally leads to skipped stitches and thread breakage. Also negatively impacts the appearance of the finished product (poor design registration).
Flat Embroidery – cut panels and patches of embroidery that is framed in hoops on a flat surface above the machine’s hook assembly.
Frame – device(s) that stabilizes the goods being embroidered and ensures the quality of end product. Various frame devices include clamps, vacuum devices, magnets and springs.
Framing Press — Machine used to aid the framing or hooping process.
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