This week’s blog will address the N-Ps of typical screen printing terms. We will address the rest of the alphabet in future blogs.
Newton – the screen tension unit of measurement.
O.D. – outside screen frame dimensions.
Opacity – quality of ink meant to cover the underlying color of the substrate.
Outline – a line surrounding an inner “fill” of another color.
Overprinting – layering color on top of another color.
Paper Thermometer – paper strips that read temperature while the garment goes through a dryer or flash cure unit.
.pdf: An Adobe Acrobat file; stands for portable document format.
Phosphorescent Ink – ink that glows in the dark.
Photochromic ink – special effect Plastisol ink that displays a certain color when exposed to bright sunlight.
Photopolymer – type of emulsion that develops quickly.
Pigment – component of ink that provides color.
Pixilation – in computer graphics, an effect caused by displaying or printing a bitmap in a large size making individual pixels visible.
Plastisol – screen printing ink primarily for textile printing composed of VC (polyvinyl chloride) color pigments, and plasticizers.
Platen Adhesive – adhesive used to hold down garment on shirt board when printing.
Point – standard unit to measuring font size: 72 points = one inch.
Pre Shrinking – the process of flash curing the shirts on the pallets before printing in order to shrink the garment. This prevents registration problems due to garment shrinkage.
Print-Flash-Print (PFP) – screen printing technique that makes an opaque print result.
Process Colors – cyan, yellow, magenta and black (CMYK).
Proof – sample print; also known as a test print.
.psd – Photo Shop Document; an Adobe Photoshop file.
Puff Ink – special effect Plastisol ink that “raises up” or expands dimensionally during the curing process.
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