This week’s blog will address the N-Ps of typical embroidery terms. We will address the rest of the alphabet in future blogs.
- Needle – the device that forms stitches by carrying the thread through the fabric to interlock with a bobbin thread. Needles are available in various points and sizes, designed for the goods being embroidered.
- Needle Bar – the part of the machine that carries the needle up and down to form stitches.
- Needle Plate – located above the hook assembly of the machine, this metal plate has a hole in the center for the needle to reach the hook to form a stitch.
- Network – linking embroidery machines through a central computer and disk drive system.
- Origin – starting point of the embroidered design.
- Pantograph – the bar, rack or holder of the embroidery machine that moves the hoop to form the embroidery pattern.
- Paper Tape – paper or Mylar media containing coordinate information to control the pantograph movement.
- Newer machines utilize computer disks instead of paper tapes.
- Pencil Rub – inexpensive sample of an embroidery design.
- Presser Foot – a metal ring around the needle that holds the fabric stationary until the hook point catches the thread loop formed by the needle; helps to minimize flagging and for loop formation.
- Pre-Tensioner – thread tension assembly that applies light tension to remove kinks in the thread prior to entering the main tensioner.
- Puckering – gathering in the fabric by the stitches causing loose hooping, incorrect density, incorrect thread tensions or insufficient backing.
- Punching – derived from old paper tape method, the process of converting artwork into a series of commands for the machine’s computer.
- Push and Pull Compensation – a degree of distortion digitally built into a design to compensate for push or pull on the fabric caused by the embroidery stitches.
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